Fish Species

The following is a list of the main target fish species found in Trinidad and Tobago. Information found here can be safely used for conservation purposes, such as maturity size and IUCN status.  Most of the data has been obtained from www.fishbase.org.  The fish have been arranged alphabetically in their respective family.

 

 

Click on the fish name or picture for more photos and information on their biology.

Barracuda (Family Sphyraenidae)

Barracuda Underwater

Barracuda (Sphyraena barracuda)

 

Maturity at: 58 cm in length

Max Published Size: 200 cm and 110 pounds

TnT Record: 73 pounds (unofficial)

TnT Season: Year round

IUCN status: Least concern

Photo courtesy Chris Tucker

Billfishes (Family Istiophoridae)

Blue Marlin Underwater

Blue Marlin (Makaira nigricans)

 

Maturity at: 50 cm in length

Max Published Size: 500 cm and 1400 pounds

TnT Record: 1006 pounds (official)

TnT Season: Year round with peaks from Feb to June

IUCN status: Vulnerable

Photo courtesy Scott Portelli

Longbill Spearfish (Tetrapturus pfluegeri)

 

Maturity at: 135 cm in length

Max Published Size: 254 cm and 128 pounds

TnT Record: 45 pounds (unofficial)

TnT Season: Year round

IUCN status: Least concern

 

Longbill Spearfish Underwater

Photo courtesy Jax Pier Fishing

Sailfish Underwater

Sailfish (Istiophorus albicans)

 

 

Maturity at: 120 cm in length

Max Published Size: 315 cm and 128 pounds

TnT Record: 80 pounds (unofficial)

TnT Season: Year round

IUCN status: Least concern

Photo courtesy Livetropicalfish.net

White Marlin Jumping

White Marlin (Kajikia albida)

 

Maturity at: 130 cm in length

Max Published Size: 300 cm and 181 pounds

TnT Record: 110 pounds (unofficial)

TnT Season: Year round

IUCN status: Vulnerable

Photo courtesy Hank Draper

Bonefish (Family Albulidae)

Bonefish Underwater

Bonefish (Albula vulpes)

 

Maturity at: 21 cm in length

Max Published Size: 104 cm and 22 pounds

TnT Record: 12 pounds (unofficial)

TnT Season: Year round

IUCN status: Near threatened

Photo courtesy casablancafishing.com

Cobia (Family Rachycentridae)

Cobia Underwater

Cobia (Rachycentron canadum)

 

Maturity at: 43 cm in length

Max Published Size: 200 cm and 150 pounds

TnT Record: 105 pounds (unofficial)

TnT Season: Year round with peaks from May to Sep

IUCN status: Least concern

Photo courtesy Josh Fritz

Dolphinfish (Family Coryphaenidae)

Dolphinfish Underwater

Dolphinfish, Mahi-Mahi (Coryphaena hippurus)

 

Maturity at: 50 cm in length

Max Published Size: 210 cm and 96 pounds

TnT Record: 70 pounds (unofficial)

TnT Season: Year round with peaks from Nov to May

IUCN status: Least concern

Photo courtesy Brett Thompson

Groupers (Family Serranidae)

Black Grouper (Mycteroperca bonaci)

 

Maturity at: 58 cm in length

Max Published Size: 150 cm and 220 pounds

TnT Record: 75 pounds (unofficial)

TnT Season: Year round

IUCN status: Near threatened

Black Grouper Underwater

Photo courtesy Darren Mahabir

Jewfish Underwater

Goliath Grouper, Jewfish (Epinephelus itajara)

 

Maturity at: 130 cm in length

Max Published Size: 250 cm and 900 pounds

TnT Record: 725 pounds (unofficial)

TnT Season: Year round with peaks from June to Nov

IUCN status: Endangered

Photo courtesy Christopher Scott

Nassau Grouper (Epinephelus striatus)

 

Maturity at: 48 cm in length

Max Published Size: 122 cm and 55 pounds

TnT Record: 25 pounds (unofficial)

TnT Season: Year round

IUCN status: Endangered

 

nassau grouper Underwater

Photo courtesy Florent Charpin

Red Grouper (Epinephelus morio)

 

Maturity at: 35 cm in length

Max Published Size: 125 cm and 52 pounds

TnT Record: 20 pounds (unofficial)

TnT Season: Year round

IUCN status: Near threatened

 

red grouper Underwater

Photo courtesy Reid Murphy

 

Warsaw Grouper (Hyporthodus nigritus)

 

 

Maturity at: 120 cm in length

Max Published Size: 230 cm and over 440 pounds

ThT Record: 246 pounds (official)

TnT Season: Year round

IUCN status: Critically endangered

 

warsaw grouper Underwater

Photo courtesy NOAA

Yellowmouth Grouper (Mycteroperca interstitialis)

 

Maturity at: 32 cm in length

Max Published Size: 84 cm and 23 pounds

TnT Record: 17 pounds (unofficial)

TnT Season: Year round

IUCN status: Vulnerable

 

 

Yellowmouth Grouper Underwater

Photo courtesy Doug Perrin

Jacks & Pompanos (Family Carangidae)

African Pompano (Alectis ciliaris)

 

Maturity at: 50 cm in length

Max Published Size: 150 cm and 56 pounds

TnT Record: 35 pounds (unofficial)

TnT Season: Year round

IUCN status: Least concern

 

african pompano Underwater

Photo courtesy Johnson L

amberjack Underwater

Amberjack (Seriola dumerili)

 

Maturity at: 80 cm in length

Max Published Size: 190 cm and 176 pounds

TnT Record: 90 pounds (unofficial)

TnT Season: Year round

IUCN status: Least concern

Photo courtesy Richard Parkinson

Almaco jack Underwater

Almaco Jack (Seriola rivoliana)

 

Maturity at: 60 cm in length

Max Published Size: 160 cm and 130 pounds 

TnT Record: 45 pounds (unofficial)

TnT Season: Year round

IUCN status: Least concern

Photo courtesy Flower Garden NOAA

blackjack Underwater

Blackjack (Caranx lugubris)

 

Maturity at: 38 cm in length

Max Published Size: 100 cm and 40 pounds

TnT Record: 26 pounds (unofficial)

TnT Season: Year round

IUCN status: Least concern

Photo courtesy Flower Garden NOAA

crevalle jack Underwater

Crevalle, Cavalli (Caranx hippos)

 

Maturity at: 66 cm in length

Max Published Size: 124 cm and 70 pounds

TnT Record: 54 pounds (unofficial)

TnT Season: Year round

IUCN status: Least concern

Photo courtesy Garold Sneegas

horseye jack Underwater

Horse-eye Jack (Caranx latus)

 

Maturity at: 34 cm in length

Max Published Size: 101 cm and 35 pounds

TnT Record: 35 pounds (unofficial)

TnT Season: Year round

IUCN status: Least concern

 

Photo courtesy Richard Parkinson

pompano Underwater

Permit, Pompano (Trachinotus falcatus)

 

Maturity at: 48 cm in length

Max Published Size: 122 cm and 79 pounds

TnT Record: 62 pounds (unofficial)

TnT Season: Year round

IUCN status: Least concern

Photo courtesy Martin Dick

rainbow runner Underwater

Rainbow Runner (Elagatis bipinnulata)

 

Maturity at: 30 cm in length

Max Published Size: 130 cm and 39 pounds

TnT Record: 19 pounds (unofficial)

TnT Season: Year round

IUCN status: Least concern

Photo courtesy Reid Murphy

yellow jack Underwater

Yellow Jack (Carangoides bartholomaei)

 

Maturity at: 32 cm in length

Max Published Size: 100 cm and 31 pounds

TnT Record: 26 pounds (unofficial)

TnT Season: Year round

IUCN status: Least concern

 

Photo courtesy Florent Charpin

Mackerels & Tunids (Family Scombridae)

blackfin tuna Underwater

Blackfin Tuna (Thunnus atlanticus)

 

Maturity at: 49 cm in length

Max Published Size: 108 cm and 46 pounds

TnT Record: 38 pounds (unofficial)

TnT Season: Year round

IUCN status: Least concern

Photo courtesy Taylor Deemer

bonito Underwater

Bonito (Euthynnus alletteratus)

 

Maturity at: 42 cm in length

Max Published Size: 122 cm and 35 pounds

TnT Record: 18 pounds (unofficial)

TnT Season: Year round

IUCN status: Least concern

 

Photo courtesy equipe-worldfish.com

Cero Mackerel, Carite (Scomberomorus regalis)

 

Maturity at: 38 cm in length

Max Published Size: 122 cm and 18 pounds

TnT Record: 15 pounds (unofficial)

TnT Season: Year round

IUCN status: Least concern

carite Underwater

Photo courtesy equipe-worldfish.com

kingfish Underwater

King Mackerel, Kingfish (Scomberomorus cavalla)

 

Maturity at: 45 cm in length

Max Published Size: 184 cm and 100 pounds

TnT Record: 76 pounds (unofficial)

TnT Season: Year round with peaks from June to Sep

IUCN status: Least concern

Photo courtesy Jax Pier Fishing

wahoo Underwater

Wahoo (Acanthocybium solandri)

 

Maturity at: 85 cm in length

Max Published Size: 250 cm and over 180 pounds

ThT Record: 103 pounds (official)

TnT Season: Year round with peaks from Nov to Apr

IUCN status: Least concern

Photo courtesy hawaiideepseafishing

yellowfin tuna Underwater

Yellowfin Tuna (Thunnus albacares)

 

Maturity at: 78 cm in length

Max Published Size: 239 cm and 440 pounds

TnT Record: 142 pounds (unofficial)

TnT Season: Year round

IUCN status: Near threatened

Photo courtesy Chris Coates

Snappers (Family Lutjanidae)

cubera snapper Underwater

Cubera Snapper, (Lutjanus cyanopterus)

 

Maturity at: 60 cm in length

Max Published Size: 160 cm and 125 pounds

TnT Record: 124 pounds (unofficial)

TnT Season: Year round with peaks from June to Nov

IUCN status: Vulnerable

Photo courtesy Gar Cullen

dog snapper Underwater

Dog Snapper, Pargue (Lutjanus jocu)

 

Maturity at: 32 cm in length

Max Published Size: 128 cm and 63 pounds

TnT Record: 34 pounds (unofficial)

TnT Season: Year round with peaks from June to Nov

IUCN status: Least concern

Photo courtesy Jose Cabo

mangrove snapper Underwater

Mangrove Snapper, Black Pargue (Lutjanus griseus)

 

Maturity at: 21 cm in length

Max Published Size: 89 cm and 44 pounds

TnT Record: 9 pounds (unofficial)

TnT Season: Year round

IUCN status: Least concern

Photo courtesy Richard Parkinson

mutton snapper Underwater

Mutton Snapper (Lutjanus analis)

 

Maturity at: 41 cm in length

Max Published Size: 94 cm and 34 pounds

TnT Record: 30 pounds (unofficial)

TnT Season: Year round

IUCN status: Vulnerable

Photo courtesy Christian Reece

Red Snapper, Redfish (Lutjanus campechanus)

 

 

Maturity at: 25 cm in length

Max Published Size: 100 cm and 51 pounds

TnT Record: 30 pounds (unofficial)

TnT Season: Year round

IUCN status: Least concern

 

red snapper Underwater

Photo courtesy Greg McFall

Schoolmaster (Lutjanus apodus)

 

Maturity at: 25 cm in length

Max Published Size: 67 cm and 23 pounds

TnT Record: 10 pounds (unofficial)

TnT Season: Year round

IUCN status: Least concern

 

schoolmaster Underwater

Photo courtesy livetropicalfish.net

Yellowtail Snapper (Ocyurus chrysurus)

 

  

Maturity at: 29 cm in length

Max Published Size: 86 cm and 10 pounds

TnT Record: 7 pounds (unofficial)

TnT Season: Year round

IUCN status: Least concern 

 

yellowtail snapper Underwater

Photo courtesy Florent Charpin

Snook (Family Centropomidae)

snook Underwater

Snook, Brochet (Centropomus undecimalis)

 

Maturity at: 42 cm in length

Max Published Size: 140 cm and 53 pounds

TnT Record: 38 pounds (unofficial)

TnT Season: Year round with peaks from July to Oct

IUCN status: Least concern

Photo courtesy pixshark.com

Swordfish (Family Xiphiidae)

swordfish Underwater

Swordfish (Xiphias gladius)

 

Maturity at: 156 cm in length

Max Published Size: 455 cm and 1430 pounds

TnT Record: 700 pounds (unofficial)

TnT Season: Year round

IUCN status: Least concern

Photo courtesy fishingislamorada.com

Tarpon (Family Megalopidae)

tarpon Underwater

Tarpon (Megalops atlanticus)

 

Maturity at: 130 cm in length

Max Published Size: 250 cm and 355 pounds

TnT Record: 220 pounds (unofficial)

TnT Season: Year round with peaks from June to Oct

IUCN status: Vulnerable

Photo courtesy Brett Thompson

Wrasses (Family Labridae)

hogfish Underwater

Hogfish (Lachnolaimus maximus)

 

Maturity at: 18 cm in length

Max Published Size: 91 cm and 24 pounds

TnT Record: 15 pounds (unofficial)

TnT Season: Year round

IUCN status: Vulnerable

 

Photo courtesy Brian Head

Site Title